There are many skin types and nobody knows your skin better than you do. So it is important to know some skincare basics. I will break down the procedure into the following steps.
- Identifying your skin type
- Importance of reading the label
- Choosing the products for your skin type
Identifying your skin type
This is a simple task, most of you know the answer already but still let us get to the basics. To identify your skin type, wash your face with a mild cleanser. A mild cleanser is free from harsh surfactant, fragrance, or color. If you have one go ahead and use it. if you do not have a mild cleanser, Use gram flour as an alternative. Gram flour does a decent job as a mild cleanser.
After washing your face wait for about 30 minutes. Do not apply any product for the next 30 minutes.
- If you notice your skin feels stretched out, flakiness. You have dry skin
- If you notice your forehead and cheeks looks shiny, you have oily skin
- If you only have Oily forehead or oily cheeks you have a combination skin
- No stretching or oil concerns you have normal skin
The second method is to use a parchment paper/butter paper on your face after 30 minutes of cleansing. Place the paper on your face and wait. According to the oil concentration on the paper, you can determine your skin type.
Reading the label
A basic skincare routine consists of 4 products. Cleanser, toner, moisturizer, and sunscreen. These products go on your face every single day so you must be aware of the ingredients that touch your face.
Now we have a lot of beauty brands focusing on different skin types. We have access to a lot more skincare items than ever. There is no denying the fact that there is a lot of marketing going with selling the products, so do not be tricked into buying something because it looks promising.
A product claiming to be natural and organic can be loaded with harsh ingredients. A product claiming to contain a certain luxury ingredient may be present in small concentrations. The order of ingredients usually defines their concentration amount. For most products, the first ingredient means ore concentration, and so on.
Learning to read the labels is very important, it gives you knowledge about the purpose of ingredients in your skincare if it suits you or not. I post about common skincare ingredients on my Instagram page – https://www.instagram.com/kaycie_talks/ .There are so many ingredients to start with and people find it complex to read them and but luckily today have access to all the ingredient list before purchasing a product. For most products ingredient list is mentioned on their website or the portal where you choose to buy.
Useful tools for reading labels
- https://incidecoder.com/ (This website allows you to copy/paste the ingredients and provides you with the purpose of each ingredient)
- https://www.paulaschoice.com/ingredient-dictionary (This dictionary will help you find the purpose of the individual ingredient)
After making a purchase if the product works well for you, it is great you know the ingredients that suit you. If the product did not work well for you, you know the ingredients you need to avoid.
Choosing the products
Follow the basic rules for skincare. For dry skin do not use ingredients that will strip out your skin of oil and add a good layer of moisturizer to hydrate. For oily skin try using products that help you get rid of excess oil and do not make your skin more oily.
The formulation of products differs from brands to brands so it would not be appropriate to generalize what to avoid and what to include. Your product may have a drying ingredient and to compensate the dryness there may be other moisturizing ingredients as well
I will be posting about the skincare routine for dry skin/oily skin/combination skin in detail in the coming post. Here are some common points to be kept in mind.
In general, some of the common ingredients that are drying are sulfates, alcohol, and fragrance can also be included in this list. A heavy moisturizer works with the oil base will work well for dry skin. Cold-pressed oils like grapeseed, rosehip can also be used. Apart from that Including humectants like hyaluronic acid, glycerin will help in giving your skin the plump effect ( Avoid humectant if you live in a dry environment as it will cause more dryness).
Avoid washing your face often and over-exfoliation. Use a hydrating mask twice a week.
Oily skin does need to be protected so do not skip a moisturizer. Water-based/ gel-based products work well for oily skin. Ingredients like witch hazel, glycolic acid, salicylic acid will help in getting rid of the excess oil. You can also use oils on oily skin that are not comedogenic.
You can find out about comedogenic oils from https://www.holistichealthherbalist.com/complete-list-of-comedogenic-oils/
Avoid washing your face often. Apply a clay mask twice a week
A combination of skin type can switch between products or choose a formulation mixed for dry/oily skin.
This post only covered dry, oily skin. There are people with sensitive, acne-prone skin as well. I will be covering everything in more detail in my future post.
Feel free to comment on any improvement/suggestion for future posts.